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15 February 2014 , 11:44 WIB | Read : 786 | By : Administrator

In 2012, Non Government Organisation (NGO) HuMa (PerkumpulanuntukPembaruanHukum Berbasis Masyarakat dan Ekologis ) or (an organization to renew the law based on the environment and society) noted that there were many land conflicts, including in the palm oil plantations. HuMa even predicted that the conflicts were more than the forestry ones. The rising expansions of palm oil plantations are accused because it has chopped the forest area. This happened for there were some changed status of the forest through the release mechanism, unbalanced change, or licences to utilize the forest. Such problems were uncontrolled. As the result, conflicts – about the cultural claim on the forestry area and the appointment given by the country in one side – rise the conflicts and get more scrambled. According to HuMa, these were happening for the government of Indonesia wants to make palm oil as the biggest mainstay commodity in the world. HuMa also claimed that there are 14 provinces having plantation area conflicts, especially in Kalimantan and Sumatera.

One source of HuMa – An Indonesian Conservation Community (ICC) Warsi mentioned that the decreasing forest area are about 1,1 millions hectare in Jambi and it has been running for about the last two decades. The question – are all allegations completely right? The rising area conflicts also happen not only between the businessmen and the society around, but also between the businessmen themselves; and the government and the businessmen. The area conflicts always happen for the scrambled regulations and the weak law enforcements done by the government. The different regulations of central and regional government are potential to make the conflicts. If it is said that the source of the conflicts derives from the palm oil industries, the reality shows that such industries have been regulated by the tight regulations; the environment and forestry ones.

Moreover, many regulations are published by the pretext “justice” so that the people could enjoy the sweetness of the agribusiness. After the moratorium policy – about the postpone of primer and peatland new licence enlargement – there comes regulation about the limitation of area cultivation for big private plantations. The regulation mentioned, the company group just cultivates 100 thousand hectare plantation in all regions of Indonesia. But, the previous regulation of forestry mentioned that every company having plantion in a forest status but it was registered in the Ministry of Forestry,

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