27 August 2014 , 12:20 WIB
STRUGGLING WITH THE PEATLAND
15 February 2014 , 11:44 WIB
FRUITS WHY DO THEY MAKE CONFLICTS?
Farmers INFO : THROUGH PALM OIL COOPERATION, DOUBLE BENEFITS25 April 2014 , 15:37 WIB | Read : 878 | By : Atep Yulianto Irawan
In Indonesia, palm oil cultivations have been done by three groups since 1970s, that is, government company, private company and farmers.
Referring to the data of Ministry of Agriculture, the width area of palm oil plantation in 2014 was about 10,2 millions of hectare – the area belonging to the farmers are about 4,5 millions of hectare (45%), belonging to the government about 690 thousands of hectare (6%) and belonging to the private about 4,9 millions of hectare (45%).
The data clearly show that the plantation areas belonging to the farmers are wide and almost surpass the area belonging to the national private sectors.
But in 1980, the areas belonging to the farmers were 6.000 hectares only. The next decade (1990) the areas increased significantly to be 292 thousands hectare or increasing 48 times.
The increasing areas happened for some reasons. Based on what InfoSAWIT had traced, the significant developments happened in 1980 until 1990. In that period, government of Indonesia really pushed the farmers’ participations to develop palm oil plantation.
In that period, there were many governmental regulations, such as, Farmers Main Program – Plantation (FMP-Plantation). Then, there was Transmigration Program which became Farmers Main Program – Transmigration (FMP-Trans) in 1996. The policies became a decree of Minister of Agriculture No.333/Kpts/KB.510/6/1986 about the regulation to enlarge plantation in FMP-Trans.
Through that program, the farmers had chances to cultivate palm oil and the government facilitated them which the funds were from the World Bank.