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FARMERS INFO - BE AWARE TO THE LONG DRAUGHT21 July 2014 , 11:41 WIB | Read : 1063 | By : Atep Yulianto Irawan
According to Meteorology, Climatology, and Geophysics Agency (MCGA), since March 2014 until May 2014, the drought was not well known for the air was still warm.
In June, the air condition in many regions seemed to show warm condition too. But July to November, the satellite images show the increasing air significantly. “The hottest weather will happen in August,” Chief of Climate Change and Air Quality, MCGA, Dodo Gunawan said in the discussion held by Indonesian Palm Oil Board (IPOB) in Jakarta, last June.
It is predictable that the El-Nino will come by to Indonesia. Dodo said, the hottest air will happen in Papua and northern of Kalimantan. In Java and Sumatera, though there will be increasing temperature, but it is not as high as it in Papua and Kalimantan.
This news should be anticipated by palm oil businessmen, though the planters or the farmers for this could be negative to the productions in palm oil plantation.
Director of PT Perkebunan Nusantara IV, Erwin Nasution said, though El Nino will happen or not, it will effect to the decreasing production of palm oil plantation.
Based on Erwin’s experience in 1997, the decreasing production could be 1% to 20% in North Sumatera, and 55% in Lampung. This happened for the water management was not good in the long draught. “The production will decrease if there is water deficit,” Erwin said.
Erwin noted, the draught was also influenced by El-Nino in 1997. It made water deficit up to 500 – 600 mm per year. El-Nino happening in 2002, the water deficit was 200 – 300 mm per year and in 2005, water deficit was 300 – 400 mm per year.